Budgeting and money management are perhaps the most important tools required to create realistic, attainable goals for yourself and your household. These two concepts are used together in order to achieve a more financially stable lifestyle. The term “budgeting” comes from the word “baci” that means household. Budgeting is the method of planning, arranging and controlling funds so that they are able to meet the needs of the household for an indefinite period of time. This planning and arrangement can be done in a monthly basis or at any other interval deemed appropriate by the household.
Money management refers to the skill of making choices and controlling money. Money management involves using one’s resources in such a way as to meet the financial goals defined during the budget process. Both budgeting and money management require the conscious decisions by the individuals involved. Thus, both concepts are interrelated and dependent upon each other.
When a household is in need of budgeting and money management assistance, the first step that needs to be taken is to formulate financial objectives and a plan for attaining those goals. These plans should include what proportion of income should be spent on living expenses and what percentage should go to saving and investing. These two concepts are used along with other financial considerations like current debts, expected earnings and future financial aid.
During the preparation stage of the budget, household members should work together in developing realistic estimates of income and expenses. Each family member should be responsible for preparing his/her own budget. It is recommended to prepare separate budgets for different persons so that the individual’s contributions will be fairly evenly divided between the two. If possible, the entire family should prepare their own budget so that there is consistency and reliability in the financial management process.
Once the basic budgeting and money management concepts are developed, household members should become more aware of common expenses and common savings opportunities. Household budgeting should include regular savings activities such as putting aside a certain amount of money each week for emergencies or paying for an unexpected car repair. Expense management should also be taught to all family members as an important component of household budgeting and money management.
A good way to teach budgeting and money management is through a household budget template. This template can be used as a starting point for creating a household budget and saving plan. The first step in the process is the creation of a personal spending plan. This plan should include all household expenses and estimated monthly income. The template can be utilized as a tool for helping individuals create a household budget, as well as a valuable starting point for teaching money management to children.